Posted by Amina Sammo on Sep 21, 2018
 
 
Greetings fellow Rotarians and guests!
Welcome to the
Rotary E-Club of One World!
 
 
 
 
Imagine if we could take a snapshot capturing all of the work Rotary does on a given day. No one – except Rotarians – would believe that a single organization was capable of accomplishing so much. In that snapshot you would see dedicated volunteers working to eradicate polio, setting up microloans, providing clean water, mentoring youth, and countless other actions. We can do all this thanks both to our geographic reach and to the fact that our clubs are made up of people who are engaged in their communities. As a part of the community that you serve, you know the needs, you have the connections, and you're able to take immediate action. That's why every Rotary club's membership should reflect the diversity of its community......
 
Let's not keep Rotary's story – the story captured in those snapshots of service – to ourselves. I challenge you to invite leaders of all ages, men and women, who are looking for a way to give back. By doing so, you will Be the Inspiration in your community and help Rotary continue to do good in the world. Credit: BARRY RASSIN - President, Rotary International
 
 
GHANA GOVERNMENT INTENSIFIES EFFORTS TO ENHANCE
BASIC AND SECOND CYCLE EDUCATION
 
According to a write-up done by Aliyah Bayali a renowned educationist in Ghana, the Government of Ghana has shown that the economic growth of a country depends on the literacy level of its citizenry and that quality basic education is an essential and a fundamental requirement for the knowledge, skills and self-reliance needed to increase income and expand opportunities for employment. Research has also shown no country has ever achieved rapid economic growth without investing in education and reaching an adult literacy rate of at least 40 per cent. Quality education is a fundamental and universal right, and in recognition of that, the Government of Ghana has over the years, given priority to the education sector, especially the poor in deprived communities. Government has increased significantly its expenditure to ensure that education at basic level and secondary level is guaranteed. In the year 2014, for example, there was an increase in funding from GHS 4.5 billion in 2013 to GHS 5.2 billion.
 
Key performance indicators at the basic level have also shown that the number of KG, Primary and Junior High Schools (JHS) has increased by 4.23 per cent, 3.26 per cent and 5.20 per cent, respectively, in the 2014/15 academic year, compared to the 2013/14 academic year, while primary school enrolment grew by 0.9 per cent and at the JHS level by 2.6 per cent.
 
On second cycle education, available statistics indicate that the landscape, including infrastructure, has changed - leading to improvement in enrolment rate by 7.2% per cent in 2014/15, while the percentage of students with passes from A1 to C6 improved from 19.55 per cent in 2012/13 to 28.1 per cent in 2013/2014.
 
There has also been an increase of 11.3 per cent in expenditure from Internally Generated Funds (IGF); a 17.1 per cent increase from Annual Budget Funding Amount (ABFA), while donor expenditure decreased by 9.9 per cent in 2014 compared to 2013. Indeed, it is important to note that after the successful implementation of Education for All (EFA) Goals from 2000 to 2015, Ghana was highlighted by the 2014 Global Monitoring Report as one the most excellent in the area of Early Childhood Education. However, reports from Chief Examiners of Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) and West African Secondary School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) indicate that the National Education Assessment (NEA), Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) and Early Mathematics Assessment (EMA) show weaknesses in pupil performance in reading at the basic education level. The reports also indicate that the general performance of Mathematics and Science from basic to the tertiary level has been very poor. The education system is also confronted with the problem of gender inequity, notwithstanding the fact under the Ghana’s Gender Parity Index (GPI), secondary education improved from 0.81 per cent in 1999 to 0.86 per cent in 2012 while the current GPI stands at 0.94 percent.
 
Certainly, these reports do not paint a good image of Ghana’s education system—a situation which requires prompt and adequate interventions— Knowing that a country’s growth is based on its literacy level. In other words, it is worth investing time and resources in the basic and second cycle education so as to prepare and equip the students for the tertiary level as well as for the job market. This means that government will need developing partners and other stakeholders’ support to register a solid improvement in the basic and second cycle education.  It is important to note that the Ministry of Education (MoE) is the agency mandated to carry out the function of managing the education sector, a mandate which the Ministry discharges with support from 20 agencies under it.
 
Government has also procured and distributed teaching and learning materials in the form of text books to 10,924 basic schools in 75 deprived districts.
 
Furthermore, government is reviewing the language policy to ensure that children at the basic level understand and interpret what is being taught in the classroom as a means of achieving quality education in Ghana. Thus in the 2013/2014 academic year, 11,000 teachers in the kindergarten (KG) and primary class 1 to 3 were given refresher courses in Ghanaian languages to enhance their teaching skills. Again under the Teaching and Learning Materials Project (TLMP), which is being supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), in collaboration with the National Literacy Acceleration Programme, 12 million textbooks and Teachers’ Guides in all the 11 Ghanaian Languages have been produced.
 
There is also the complementary Basic Education programme, which provides a nine-month tuition in literacy and numeracy, using the mother tongue, and targets 120,000 out-of-school children. The programme has received an additional USD 14 Million from USAID.
 
Under the slogan “Everyone deserves a second chance”, MoE is assisting students at the basic level by offering them the opportunity to re-sit the Basic Education Certification Examination (BECE) in order to improve their grades for progression to the next stage. The first of the Re-sits was held in March 2015 for 1,181 candidates. And in line with government’s objective of expanding equitable access at the second cycle education level, the Education Ministry has initiated a number of projects which include the completion of 80 dormitories out of 475. The others are the completion of 23 blocks of flats out of 35; completion of 15 dining hall/kitchen out of 27and the completion of 95 classroom blocks out of 176, supply and distribution of 58,000 metal bunk beds, 30,000 computers and the supply of 320,000 uniforms as of the end July 2015. Meanwhile, MoE has set a target to expand access through a progressively free Senior High School (SHS) programme, by subsidizing the cost of education for day students starting during the 2015/2016, while under the Secondary Education Improvement Project (SEIP), 10,400 scholarships are expected to be rolled out over a five-year for SHS students in 125 low-performing schools.
 
Let’s all continue to BE THE INSPIRATION!!!
 
Yours in Rotary Service,
 
Amina Sammo
President 2018/2019
 
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